The fellowship offered by the Ministry of Science & Technology is for researchers from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. A total of 40 candidates have been shortlisted by the Ministry of Science and Technology for India Science Research Fellowship (ISRF) 2021. The scholars have been selected based on research proposal, experience, academic merit and publication record and recommended for the award of ISRF. Implemented since 2015, about 128 fellows from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand have been awarded a fellowship under this programme. These scholars are working with Indian universities and research institutions. As a part of India’s initiatives to engage with neighbouring countries to develop S&T partnerships, the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India has launched ISRF Programme. ISRF programme has provided an opportunity to the young researchers from neighbouring countries to get access to the state of art facilities available in the Indian institutes/universities. This fellowship is a platform to establish research cooperation with neighbouring countries of India, which is one of the mandates of DST’s International Science and Technology Cooperation.