Welfare schemes for women in India
Under Article 15(3), the Constitution of India allows for positive discrimination in favour of women. The article, under the right to equality, states: "Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children." In addition, the directive principles of State Policy 39(a) state that: "The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.
The Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (National Credit Fund for Women) was set up in 1993 to make credit available for lower-income women in India. More recent programmes initiated by the Government of India include the Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS), the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana Conditional Maternity Benefit plan (CMB), and the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls – Sabla.
The Mother and Child Tracking System was launched in 2009, helps monitor the health care system to ensure that all mothers and their children have access to a range of services, including pregnancy care, medical care during delivery, and immunizations. The system consists of a database of all pregnancies registered at health care facilities and birth since 1 December 2009.
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) is a scheme sponsored by the national government for pregnant and lactating women age 19 and over for their first two live births. The programme, which began in October 2010, provides money to help ensure the good health and nutrition of the recipients. As of March, 2013the programme is being offered in 53 districts around the country.
The Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls – Sabla is an initiative launched in 2012 that targets adolescent girls. The scheme offers a package of benefits to at-risk girls between the ages of 10 and 19. It is being offered initially as a pilot programme in 200 districts. The programme offers a variety of services to help young women become self-reliant, including nutritional supplementation and education, health education and services, and life skills and vocational training.
Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (The National Credit Fund for Women) was created by the Government of India in 1993. Its purpose is to provide lower-income women with access to loans to begin small businesses.
Priyadarshini, initiated in April 2011, is a programme that offers women in seven districts access to self-help groups.
SHe-Box is an online Complaint Management System for lodging complaints related to workplace sexual harassment. Any woman working or visiting any office of Central Government (Central Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Undertakings, Autonomous Bodies and Institutions, etc.) can file a complaint related to workplace sexual harassment through this SHe-Box.
National Repository of Information for Women is an e-portal that summarizes over 350 government schemes for the benefit of women, with more being added every day. It provides links to the Ministries, Departments and Autonomous Bodies offering these schemes as well as easy access to online applications and grievance redressal. It also provides information to women on issues affecting their lives, such as tips on good nutrition, suggestions for health check-ups, information on major diseases, tips for job search and interview, investment and savings advice, information on crimes and against women and reporting procedures, contacts of legal aid cells, simplified adoption procedures and much more .
The ICDS-Common Application Software (CAS) is one of the main components of POSHAN Abhiyaan. Under the Abhiyaan Anganwadi Workers and Lady Supervisors have been equipped with Smart Phones/Tablets pre-installed with a Common Application Software. The Software application facilitates the capture of data by frontline functionaries and a six-tier dashboard ensures the monitoring and intervention mechanism. ICDS-CAS replaces ~8.2 kg of paper registers with 173 gms of a smartphone. It enables growth monitoring of children with the help of auto plotting of growth chart on the mobile application; Auto-generates task list and home visit scheduler for enabling AWW to focus on the beneficiaries based on priority. System generated SMS alerts are sent to beneficiaries and stakeholders. The data is available on a real-time basis and can be viewed by different functionaries at the block level, district level, state level and national level through the dynamic dashboard using credentials.
Under the Integrated Child Development Scheme, the Rapid Reporting System has been rolled out wherein new formats of registers and reporting Monthly Progress Report [MPR] and Annual Status Report [ASR] have been prescribed at Anganwadi Workers (AVWV) and Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) level. The citizen can know his/her nearby Anganwadi Centres through this portal.